Resource Recovery Strategy

60% Waste Diversion Action Plan

The 60% Waste Diversion Action Plan is a standalone plan and part of the larger Resource Recovery Strategy. The City’s Action Plan proposes a set of actions to achieve 60% waste diversion of residential waste by the end of 2022.

The Action Plan and its Appendices are available for review. The public feedback on the plan is now complete.


In London more than one tonne of waste is produced per person per year. This includes waste generated at home as well as waste generated by businesses. Much of this waste is diverted through numerous waste reduction, reuse, recycling and composting programs. The waste that remains can be considered “Residual Waste”. All of the Residual Waste from households and a portion generated by businesses is disposed of at the City’s W12A Landfill Site. This landfill opened in 1977 and is expected to reach capacity in 2025 based on the current amount of waste being received.

Why Waste - Resource Recovery Strategy

To plan for the future the City has started development of a long term Resource Recovery Strategy. The Resource Recovery Strategy involves the development of a plan to maximize waste reduction, reuse, recycling and resource recovery in an economically viable and environmentally responsible manner.

The Resource Recovery Strategy will identify:

  • areas of continuous improvement to maximize waste diversion and resource recovery including increasing the current London household waste diversion rate to 60% by 2022 from the current rate of 45%;
  • opportunities for advanced resource recovery and increased waste diversion through new, emerging and next generation technologies and where these technologies may play a role in London and area;
  • areas to reduce or maintain current costs of City programs;
  • ways in which to support local job creation efforts;
  • ways in which to maximize program convenience to Londoners; and,
  • methods to align with Provincial direction and the Waste Free Ontario Act.

60% Waste Diversion Action Plan


The 60% Waste Diversion Action Plan details the actions required to meet the household waste diversion rate of 60% by the end of 2022 from the current rate of 45%.

The Action Plan and its Appendices are available for review. The public feedback opportunity on the plan is now closed.

The overall annual operating cost of the Action Plan is estimated to be $6.5 million per year which is approximately $36.00 per household (based on 180,000 households). The Action Plan has many environmental, social and financial benefits.

It is expected that approval of any expansion of the City’s landfill by the Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks (MECP) would be unlikely unless the City has programs in place to achieve 60% waste diversion. If the City does not receive approval to expand its landfill, the increase in disposal costs will be significant as the City would have to export its waste to a private landfill elsewhere in Ontario. The increase in disposal costs for the City to export its waste is estimated to be approximately $5 to $7 million per year.

60% Waste Diversion Action Plan

In addition to avoiding increased disposal costs for the City, by taking the steps in the Action Plan a number of benefits will be achieved including:

  • increased waste diversion (33% more diversion),
  • creation of jobs (between 125 and 170 direct and indirect; within and outside London),
  • reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (about 17,000 to 27,000 tonnes per year, equivalent of removing 4,200 to 6,800 cars from the road),
  • reduced landfill impacts (less odourous materials being landfilled, less traffic, etc.),
  • better use of materials and resources,
  • residents will feel satisfaction/pride living in an environmentally progressive community, and
  • short-term landfill cost savings.

The City will explore various actions to be phased in between 2019 and 2022 for increasing residential waste diversion including:

  • Increasing the amount captured in the Blue Box program
  • New recycling programs: such as textiles, metal and bulky items (carpets, furniture, mattresses, bulky plastics)
  • Curbside organics program (Green Bin) and bi-weekly garbage collection
  • Multi-residential organics program (mixed waste pilot program)
  • Other organic initiatives such as food waste reduction, home composting, community composting
  • Waste Reduction & Reuse Programs such as waste reduction education and policies, lending libraries, reuse events, etc.



Document Library

Virtual Open House

Couldn't make it out to a previous Open House? No Problem! We have created a "Virtual" Open House.

Open Houses were held on May 24 and 25, 2017 to inform residents about the City's plan to develop long term Residual Waste Disposal and Resource Recovery Strategies and receive feedback. The materials presented at the Open Houses are provided below along with the opportunity to provide your feedback in three of the areas. Please note that an identical Virtual Open House appears in the Residual Waste Disposal Strategy.


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